A 48-year old female diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease comes into your clinic complaining of increased shortness of breath upon exertion as well as frequent occurrence of palpitations. … More Cardiology Series: Case 14
A 19-year old female presents with difficulty breathing on mild exertion and increased fatigue.
A 67-year old male complains of shortness of breath when we walks a flight of stairs at his home.
Upon auscultation, you can hear a diminished first heart sound followed by an ‘ejection click’. The second heart sound is normal but during early diastole, a crescendo-decrescendo murmur is heard. … More Cardiology Series: Case 12
A 72 year old female with increasing shortness of breath upon exertion over the last year. At night, she often wakes up gasping for air. In hospital, she was diagnosed with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) … More Cardiology Series: Case 11
A 35-year old female was due to undergo endoscopy for suspected malignancy in a few days time. During the pre-op, the anesthetist orders a 12-lead EKG. … More Cardiology Series: Case 10
A 71-year old gentleman developed shortness of breath over the last 24 hours.
… More Cardiology Series: Case 9
A 67-year old man presents with shortness of breath and lightheadedness.
You obtain an immediate ECG result: … More Cardiology Series: Case 8
A 62-year old patient comes to your clinic complaining of frequent headaches at the back of the head, particularly in the morning. She describes lightheadedness and occasional buzzing at the ears. These symptoms had started over the last month.
You decide to set up a 24-hour blood pressure monitor. You find that she had a constant systolic of 165 mmHg and a diastolic of 105 mmHg. She was diagnosed with hypertension. … More Cardiology Series: Case 7
A 72-year old gentleman is visibly short of breath at rest. He says he is unable to sleep well at night as he coughs and wakes up short of breath. … More Cardiology Series: Case 6
A 79-year old gentleman presents to A&E with fatigue, chest discomfort and palpitations with increased shortness of breath. These symptoms started just two hours before presentation. … More Cardiology Series: Case 5